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Yonggwan Park / Annual Research Bulletin of Osaka Sangyo UniversityNo. 2
Organization for Enabling Emergent Innovation inChanging Times
<著者名>  Yonggwan Park
<発行年月> 2010年03月
<ISSN> 1883-3454
<概要表示>
Emergent innovation is required to respond to the instability and discontinuity of environmental changes. Emergent innovation and new operations of organization in changing times are paramount to address the challenges using new thinking and new invention. The wisdom, insight, discretion, and understanding that implement appropriate organizational operation are required in these new times. This approach is necessary to avoid being trapped by the remains of old successful experiences. We need to explore new divisions of work and adjustment, new organizational structures, new motivation and new leadership, new relationships and new communication, and new values in the organization. These changes are also necessary to redefine an organization from a cooperative system to a collaborative community.
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Hirohiko Shimpo / Annual Research Bulletin of Osaka Sangyo UniversityNo. 2
Foreign Direct Investment in the Inter-war Period andJapanese Investment in China
<著者名>  Hirohiko Shimpo
<発行年月> 2010年03月
<ISSN> 1883-3454
<概要表示>
I examined the development history of Japanese companies focusing on corporate governance and foreign investment. In this paper, I survey the features of the global economic system in the inter-war period with a focus on foreign investment and the position and role of Japanese companies in this system.I have already examined East Asia occupying an overwhelming position in Japanese overseas investment. In this paper, I target China which was one of the most important East Asian countries; the focus is on China except Manchuria because many advanced countries fiercely competed in China.The inter-war period was a time when Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) was taking a more and more important role in substitution for portfolio investment in foreign investment. Such a change was not yet at all big in Asia. The change was just beginning.Even in China, which for a long time rejected foreign capital, FDI finally began to develop after the Chinese Revolution of 1911.In China, the cotton spinning industry began to develop. The modern company and financial institutions which supported it with various forms were born and led the process.In this paper, I examined the management of Japanese and Chinese cotton spinning companies in the inter-war period with greater detail on China, and highlighted the differences in the management between the two countries’ companies. Whereas Japanese companies developed market-centered corporate governance, Chinese companies maintained the indirect finance model mainly through the use of short-term funds and corporate governance based on a state and a family. This difference became the important factor in creating the difference in competitiveness between the two countries’ companies.
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Michiya Kato / Annual Research Bulletin of Osaka Sangyo UniversityNo. 2
Unemployment and Public Works Policy in InterwarBritain and Japan : An International ComparisonBritain and Japan : An International Comparison
<著者名>  Michiya Kato
<発行年月> 2010年03月
<ISSN> 1883-3454
<概要表示>
The Japanese central government and its local authorities undertook public works as a response to rising unemployment like most European countries including Britain between the wars. The approach was in line with the recommendation of the International Labour Conference in 1919 which stated that‘ the Conference recommends that each Member of the International Labour Organisation co-ordinate the execution of all work undertaken under public authority with a view to reserving such work as far as practicable for periods of unemployment’. British unemployment relief works which began in December 1920 under the management of Unemployment Grants Committee (UGC) subsidized the annual charge on unemployment relief works undertaken by local authorities out of capital expenditure and paid part of the wages bill for approved schemes of‘ useful’ work. But as the compulsory unemployment insurance system was the principal response in interwar Britain, the role of the unemployment relief works remained very limited. Japanese unemployment relief works which had begun at local and central level as an administrative response to social unrest gradually developed into a welfare policy for the unemployed but one which remained central to the Japanese government’s response in the absence of any compulsory unemployment insurance scheme. In this paper, we try to clarify what was unique to Japan’s unemployment relief works policy and what was common with the unemployment relief works between Britain and Japan in the interwar years.
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