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Yonggwan Park / Annual Research Bulletin of Osaka Sangyo UniversityNo.1
A Living Cultural Area of the Northeast Asia Region in Maritime Environmental and Security Problems
<著者名>  Yonggwan Park
<発行年月> 2008年12月
<ISSN> 1883-3454
<概要表示>
The continental view encounters obstacles in the integration of the Northeast Asia Region. To overcome these obstacles, we need to use the continental view and the maritime view. Such a compound perspective is indispensable for solving the complicated problems in the living cultural area of the Northeast Asia Region. We should not allow the living culture of the Northeast Asia Region to be restricted by conceptions of territory, nation or border. We have to understand, objectively and synthetically, the living cultural area of this region through maritime as well as the continental view. We have to analyze the essential problems synthetically, and look below the surface of historical, environmental and security aspects. We should intrinsically consider the values, philosophies and thought in the living cultural area of the Northeast Asia Region in the same manner as we understand the unmoving depths of the ocean. The maritime view is in the spirit of co-existence between human beings and nature and the spirit of mutual certification and recognition of the cultural differences which emerge from each country, ethnic group and region. This spirit will be the basis for the integration of the Northeast Asia Region.
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Hirohiko Shimpo / Annual Research Bulletin of Osaka Sangyo UniversityNo.1
Market-centered Corporate Governance in Prewar Japan and Today
<著者名>  Hirohiko Shimpo
<発行年月> 2008年12月
<ISSN> 1883-3454
<概要表示>
This paper examines the various features of major Japanese companies and Japan’s corporate governance in the interwar period from about 1920 to 1940. It also investigates the establishment background of present corporate governance.First, representative companies (except for banks) are discussed in Section 1 and representative banks in Section 2. Of those companies and banks, I select salient examples and analyze those businesses and their entire financial information in great detail in Section 3. I explore their securities investments concerning further restricted companies in Section 4. I examine the entire financial and securities market during that time in Section 5. Section 6 approaches the actual condition and role of the life insurance company as an institutional investor. The life insurance company’s investments made a positive impact on companies and banks at the time through the financial and securities market.Current Japanese corporate governance is often characterized as an insider type of corporate governance. The origin of such corporate governance, or today’s business group, was often believed to result from past Japanese zaibatsu rule.However, the analysis in this paper shows that the financial and securities market had a very large role in raising and managing capital for major companies and banks in the interwar period. In this meaning, Japanese corporate governance in the interwar period was market-centered and very similar to those of the U.S. and Britain today. Such a feature was remarkable in the emerging zaibatsu and the independent companies. The vertical and integrated control and controlled relations made the holding company reach the top were formed in major zaibatsu is certain. Even in this case, the market’s role was not small, and the governance in major zaibatsu was never dominant. Moreover, regarding the macro capital flow, the role of securities, not bank deposits, was remarkably important.The development of such market-centered corporate governance was one of the most important factors that supported active Japanese foreign investment in the prewar period and brought about economic development, as my another paper will examine.
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Michiya Kato / Annual Research Bulletin of Osaka Sangyo UniversityNo.1
Hidden from View ? : The Measurement of Japanese Interwar Unemployment
<著者名>  Michiya Kato
<発行年月> 2008年12月
<ISSN> 1883-3454
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