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木村 敦 / 経済論集第11巻第1号
精神障害者に対する「就労支援」施策についての考察−処遇理念の「変化と継続」を認識した上での「半福祉・半就労」批判−
<著者名>  木村 敦
<発行年月> 2009年09月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 'Work Support' became the chief matter in the current policy regarding health and welfare services for the mentally disabled. Then, social welfare policy became a part of the policy to create low wage worker and instability employed worker. This represents a basic understanding of the problem, and is the hypothesis of this study. The aim of this study is the presentation of grounds for proving this hypothesis. Concretely, the following statements will be written.1  The 'change' portion and the 'continuity' portion of treatment principle regarding thementally disabled(from 'isolation and accommodation' to 'welfare')in the following laws. 1)The 'Law Regarding Custody of the Mentally Ill' 2)The 'Mental Hygiene Law' 3)The 'Mental Health Law' 4)The 'Law Regarding Mental Health and Welfare Services for the Mentally Disabled'.2 An outline of current work support policy for the mentally disabled.3 To point out problems based on continuity of treatment principles.4  To introduce some measures of work which may become key in solving the problems inwork support policy.5 To suggest new concept of income security to the mentally disabled.
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林田 治男 / 経済論集第11巻第1号
モレルの経歴に関する諸説
<著者名>  林田 治男
<発行年月> 2009年09月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
Edmund Morel, the first Engineer-in-Chief of Imperial Railways of Japan, has been respected in Japan. At the beginning of the Meiji era, he proposed to Hirobumi Ito, the Second Assistant Minister of Finance, to establish a ministry for public works, a institution of higher education, and to use domestic products. His propositions were adopted by the Japanese Government immediately and contributed to development of Japanese society. Unfortunately he died 30 years before the opening of the Railway. He was engaged in his duty for only 19 months. Therefore, almost all Japanese has appreciated his accomplishments and felt saddened by hisearly death.Many Japanese writers make reference to his career, such as when and where he was born, what he studied at college, how he practiced as an engineer before coming to Japan, why he came to Meiji Japan, and who his wife was. It is very curious that almost all of them have provided incorrect accounts with scarce sources or no evidence. On the contrary, Mr. Yoshihiko Morita traces his career using the original documents and succeeds in correcting previous accounts. I corroborate Mr. Morita’s assertions and further augment his findings on Morel's career, specifically regarding family environment, school record, and practical engineering. In this article I refer to the preceding writings on Morel’s career chronologically by field, and point out the wrong descriptions. I investigate why they failed to explain his career correctly and followed incorrect versions without questioning their veracity. We must utilize and verify the relevant original records and make references definitely.
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王 京濱 / 経済論集第11巻第1号
中国の重工業における分散的産業組織構造の形成と行方
<著者名>  王 京濱
<発行年月> 2009年09月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
This paper focuses on local heavy industry referred to as the “five small industries” that represent the peculiar industrialization process in China. Its inception during Maozedong’s regime and its role within the strategy for“ war preparation,” is examined. Under this historical condition, the structure of Chinese industrial organization was extremely decentralized. Although, this decentralized industrial structure was once again concentrated after 1979, since 2000, the tendency to decentralize grew stronger again, owing to private capital making a new entry. Recently, this model is seen as an example of inefficient development and attempts are underway to correct it within the industrial structure upgrade policy. Market demand for local heavy industry products, however, are expanding along with the increase of national income, and divisions between regions and the market progress, allowing one to conclude that decentralized industrial organization will exist for a considerably longer period of time.
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本田 雅子 / 経済論集第11巻第1号
EU 拡大と労働移動−第5次拡大におけるスウェーデンとラトビアのケース−
<著者名>  本田 雅子
<発行年月> 2009年09月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Ten countries in 2004 and two countries in 2007 have newly become members of the European Union. Those twelve countries are much poorer than old member states and Latvia is the third poorest of the twelve. Economic theory of international migration tells us that labour will move from a country with low income to a country with high income, if barriers between the two countries are eliminated, so that the wage rate of both countries will converge to the same level, but the theory does not describe what will happen in the process of such a convergence. This article is a case study on the conflict between a Latvian Company “Laval” and Swedish Trade Unions in order to provide an example of what conflict would be like when a poor country has become a member in the EU enlargement process, and to consider what it implies regarding EU integration.
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加藤 道也 / 経済論集第11巻第1号
朝鮮総督府官僚のアイルランド認識−時永浦三を手掛かりとして−
<著者名>  加藤 道也
<発行年月> 2009年09月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 TOKINAGA Urazo, an official serving for thirteen years between 1910 and 1922 in the Japanese Government-General of Korea, visited the US and Europe to study and understand the influence of self-determination advocated by President T. W. Wilson in relation to the Koreans under Japanese rule during World War I. He observed the situation of Ireland under British control and compared its aspects with the Japanese rule over Korea. His conclusion was that Japanese colonial rule of Korea was totally different from the British governance of Ireland. Although he thought that the British were cruel and suppressive, on several points there was a need for the Japanese Government-General of Korea to learn some important lessons from the British failure to establish order in Ireland.
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