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福田 和悟 / 人間環境論集8
CaF2:Tm, Tbの熱蛍光特性
<著者名>  福田 和悟
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
<概要表示>
Themoluminescence(TL)properties of calcium fluoride CaF2 doped with Tm3+, Tb3+ ions have been studied in the range from 30 to 300 ℃ after X-ray and ultraviole(t UV irradiation. It is found that the TL intensity from the sintered CaF2 doped with Tm2O3 became stronger by addition of Tb4O7. It is also found that the shape of TL glow curve of sintered CaF2: Tm, Tb for X-irradiation is different from that of TL glow curve for UV-irradiation.
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田中 史朗 / 人間環境論集8
高齢社会における運動・身体活動の意義―運動・スポーツ医学的側面からの考察―
<著者名>  田中 史朗
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
<概要表示>
The population aged 65 years and older living in Japan now comprises approximately 21% of the total population and is expected to approach 30% by the year 2030. Accompanying these trends in ageing is the increasing prevalence of lifestyle-related disease, including type 2 diabetes and physical frailty. It is widely accepted that insulin resistance plays a central role in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Regular physical exercise has beneficial effects such as improving glucose homeostasis and bloodlipid profiles , lowering blood pressure, and preventing the onset of type 2 diabetes. The mechanism for these beneficial effects is thought to be attributable to the improved nsulin sensitivity and overall glucose homeostasis. There is also substantial evidence demonstrating benefits of physical activity in attenuating aging-related functional decline, even among older people with established chronic disease and frailty. In this article, current knowledge regarding physical exercise's central role in the pathogenesis and primary prevention of lifestyle-related disease will be discussed.
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神崎 ゆかり / 人間環境論集8
アメリカ女性ゴシック小説における狂気―「家庭の天使」による呪縛
<著者名>  神崎 ゆかり
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
<概要表示>
Madness is one of the conventional motifs in Gothic literature. This literary genre first appeared in 18th-century British society, where reason and rationality were appreciated. Against this social trend, Gothic literature tried to disclose irrational emotions or desires repressed into the inner part of the human psyche. One of the symbolic expressions for these feelings veiled in darkness was madness. Of particular interest in Gothic literature is the phenomenon of female madness. As Helen Small argues,“ the forms of insanity are usually clearly gendered in early Gothic fiction.” In the case of male protagonists, they are “driven to insanity by vaulting ambition and uncontrollable lust.”(153) On the contrary, females tend to lose their wits as the result of being victimized by male villains. Feminist critics maintain, however, that since the Victorian era, female writers have adopted heroines afflicted with madness in order to articulate their angry protest against the idea of“ the Angel in the House” created in the male-oriented society. Taking such examples as “The Yellow Wallpaper” by Charlotte Perkins Gilman and The Bell Jar by Sylvia Plath, I would like to discuss how heroines’ madness symbolizes resistance to their situations in American society in the period from the late 19thcentury to the mid-20th century.
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前迫 ゆり,藤脇 崇裕,金子 有子 / 人間環境論集8
琵琶湖西岸流域におけるタブノキ個体群の分布と地域植生
<著者名>  前迫 ゆり,藤脇 崇裕,金子 有子
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
<概要表示>
This study seeks to clarify the spatial distribution of the Persea thunbergii population and their vegetation habitat, at the three western river basins of Lake Biwa, in Shiga Prefecture, Central Japan. We recorded the position of mature P. thunbergii trees (diameter at breast height?20 cm) with GPS (Geographic positioning system) in Shiga Prefecture between August 2006 and February 2007, and also investigated the number, size and habitats of mature P. thunbergii trees along the Ado River, the Kamo River and the Ishida River between June 2007 and February 2008. Ratios of vegetation of the surrounding 3.13 km2 area for each of the main P. thunbergii stands were also analyzed from actual vegetation map of Japan Integrated Biodiversity Information System data using GIS (Geographic information system). Mature P. thunbergii trees were distributed in the riparian forests within a 5 km distance from Lake Biwa along he Ado River, the Kamo River and the Ishida River: Mature P. thunbergii trees in these three river basins totaled 13, 47 and 8 in number, respectively. We also found large P. thunbergii trees (DBH?100 cm) in sacred shrines in the basin of the AdoRiver. Bamboo invaded 78.9±7.8 % of P. thunbergii population in riparian forests. These results suggest that the habitats of P. thunbergii populations are isolated and that the expansion of bamboo stands decrease biological diversity of this area. The management of bamboo stands is needed for the conservation of P. thunbergii population, which characterize the vegetation of Lake Biwa area.
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田中 みさ子 / 人間環境論集8
社会情勢の変化と環境意識の関連に関する研究―ガソリン価格高騰による影響を事例に―
<著者名>  田中 みさ子
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
<概要表示>
The aim of this paper is to address the problem regarding the relation between socioeconomic circumstances and environmental awareness among people, and to clarify some conclusions reached. Research involved a questionnaire survey concerning the remarkable jump in gasoline prices experienced in 2008, and how it influenced automobile use among consumers. Some of the findings are as follows.( 1) The frequency of automobile use decreased among more than half the respondents with the sharp rise of gasoline prices.( 2) The half of respondents in( 1 ), who had decreased the frequency of use, continued to reduce their use of automobiles even after prices fell to previous rates.( 3) The group that reduced use, showed signs of gaining higher environmental awareness.( 4) Also, in the group of people that did not reduce use, environmental awareness increased in relation to the jump in gasoline price.( 5) The ways of coping with environmental considerations differ between the group that reduced automobile use, and the group that did not reduce.
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塚本 直幸,林 良一 / 人間環境論集8
道路空間の「公共性」に関する市民意識の日独比較
<著者名>  塚本 直幸,林 良一
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
<概要表示>
本論文では,道路空間の「公共性」に関する市民意識を形成する構造をアンケート調査から日独比較分析することで,道路空間利用に関する社会的合意形成のための有効な方策に資することを目的とした。 アンケート調査結果によれば,日本(堺市)でもドイツ(ヴュルツブルク市)でも,現在の都心部における自動車による交通混雑,交通事故,生活・歩行環境の悪化,商店街等の活力低下などの面から,都心部への自動車乗り入れ規制を容認する意識が強い。次に,日本では自宅直近の道路に対する「私的」感が強いが,ドイツでは,他の人々による道路の多様な使われ方に寛容であり「私的」感は薄い。逆に,自宅前道路の通行規制や道路整備に伴う建物移転など,公共による私権制限に対する反発はドイツの方が強く,日本の方が公共的な事業に対する協力意識は高い。 以上のことを路面公共交通整備のための道路空間の再配分という観点から整理すると、以下のことがいえる。まず、ドイツでは意識面から私的制限に対する抵抗の大きさの反映として、社会的合意を得るための法体系、ガイドライン・基準の整備状況、情報公開制度、予算的裏付け等が適切に整備されていると考えることができる。わが国では、これらがあいまいなまま、ある場合には行政の恣意的施策と地域有力者だけの根回しで進められた事業も多いと考えられ、行政と市民の不幸な相互不信感を生み出す一要因となっている。近年のわが国市民の権利意識の増大と行政活動の公平性・透明性・客観性の確保という点から、ドイツに倣った同様の「仕組み」を整えればLRT整備が急速に進む可能性はある。その際、わが国の直近道路空間に対する「私的感」にも十分に配慮した計画内容とすることが合意を進める上で重要である。
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倉橋 幸彦 / 人間環境論集8
『上海本』蒐録(5)
<著者名>  倉橋 幸彦
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
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花田 眞理子 / 人間環境論集8
Daniel GOLEMAN, Ecological Intelligence:How Knowing the Hidden Impacts of What We Buy Can Change Everything,
<著者名>  花田 眞理子
<発行年月> 2009年06月
<ISSN> 1347-2135
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