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横田 睫澄 拭〃从冢製限10巻第2号
中国の経済発展と農村問題
<著者名>  横田 睫
<発行年月> 2009年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 In December 1978, the Economic Reform and Open-door Policy was introduced in China, one of the rapidly developing socialist countries. The aim of this policy was to expand production capacity under existing production mechanisms. With the introduction of the concept of ‘the primary stage of socialism’ and various types of company ownership, the shift to a market economy has advanced over time. China has attained high economic growth during this time and foreign trade volume has become the third largest in the world. Direct investment by foreign companies has played a signifi cant role in this growth.However, the income gaps between coastal areas (where foreign companies have accumulated) and inland areas and between urban areas and rural areas have grown and continue to do so at a high rate. This has led to improved essential services, such as education, medical treatment, and pension provision, which have hitherto been lacking in farm villages, and has created a situation where more than 200 million ‘farm laborers’ work away from home. The government should consider taking steps to tackle the so-called ‘three problems’ facing agriculture, villages, and farmers, with three potential solutions: increasing farmers’ incomes, improving living environment in rural areas, and improving farming technology.
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木村 敦 / 経済論集第10巻第2号
知的障害者に対する「自立支援給付」についての考察−「生活問題」の特性を踏まえて−
<著者名>  木村 敦
<発行年月> 2009年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 The aim of this study is four points as follows. Those are,1 To examine and clarify the characteristic of problems in living of people with mentalretardation , as compared with the other kind of disabilities.2 To examine and clarify the process for detarmine the benefi t by Law to Support Independenceof the Persons with Disabilities, and whether it adapt to people with mental retardation.3 To reexamine the position of social welfare in whole system of social security, to think aboutthe way to support for people with mental retardation with getting back a fundamental place.4 To suggest, as far as possible, a substitute way to measure the degree of hardship of peoplewith mental retardation with problems in living, beeing based on examinations and clarifi cation1?3 mentioned above.
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新保 博彦 / 経済論集第10巻第2号
East Asian Corporate Governance and East Asian Community:From Economic System Competition to Corporate System Competition
<著者名>  新保 博彦
<発行年月> 2009年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
The U.S. financial crisis, which stemmed from the breakdown of the subprime loan, is expanding further and developing into a global fi nancial crisis. This crisis is greatly infl uencing East Asian countries that have experienced rapid growth.This paper examines East Asian corporate governance just before the crisis. In this paper, East Asia means China, Hong Kong, Russia, Korea, Taiwan and Singapore. That is, East Asia is China, Russia and the previous NIES.As I discusses in detail, in both China and Russia, large state monopoly enterprises are born one after another as they move toward a market economy. Older state-owned enterprises are converting to large state monopoly enterprises, and the latter have a marked infl uence not only on the country, but also on the entire world economy.The following are features of state monopoly enterprises:1. Although a state-owned enterprise is privatized, it maintains approximately two thirds ownership ratio to its public company as a holding company, and as a result substantially continues to control its management.2. The most effi cient part of all state-owned enterprise resources are transferred to a public company, and state monopoly enterprises continue to maintain monopolistic status in each market.3. Such a monopolistic position brought about the adhesion and unifi cation with politics, and, in certain cases, corruption.In East Asia, the market-centered corporate governance in Japan and some other countries, along with the large state monopoly enterprises in China and Russia, is developing a new form of competition. The previous economic system competition is changing into the corporate system competition. In such conditions, I would like to examine whether or not the East Asian community can be established.Section 1 summarizes East Asian business activity and its financial markets. Section 2 discusses Chinese corporate governance, Section 3 discusses corporate governance in Russia, Singapore, Korea and Taiwan. Finally, Section 4 summarizes the relationship between East Asian corporate governance and the East Asian community, and the role of Japanese companies.
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林田 治男 / 経済論集第10巻第2号
モレルの家系
<著者名>  林田 治男
<発行年月> 2009年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Generally speaking, the family environment is an important factor in explaining the development of an engineer’s ability. In this article I attempt to formulate the family tree of Mr. Edmund Morel, who was the fi rst Engineer-in-Chief of the Imperial Railways of Japan. His paternal grandfather was a wine merchant at Piccadilly, London, and his father and two of his paternal uncles succeeded the business. On the other hand, his maternal grandfather was a well-known solicitor at Golden Square, London. Two of his maternal uncles were brilliant lawyers, especially the eldest one was the fi rst Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Victoria and conferred a knighthood. One was a publisher of popular magazines and kept company with Charles Dickens. And one was a respectable surgeon. All the uncles except publisher moved to Australia and gained the social eminences there. Morel was able to study at King’s College, London. I contend that he was stimulated and assisted intellectually by his relatives, and it played critical role on his career including engineering practice.
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