大阪産業大学学会 論集データベース

検索結果

検索結果よりさらに絞り込む 検索ヘルプ
論集タイトル
論文タイトル
論文著者
論集発行年月  〜 

6件中 1-6件 表示 1
新保 博彦 / 経済論集第9巻第2号
戦前日本の海外での企業活動
<著者名>  新保 博彦
<発行年月> 2008年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Clarifying the actual conditions of prewar Japanese foreign investment is a very important subject for present day Japan as well as for countries that were under Japanese rule or influence at that time. Those nations are growing rapidly and are actively developing Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) with other countries, to include Japan.  Global research initially examined FDI as a new postwar phenomenon. Now, FDI's historical origins and development are at last being studied. The historical research on Japanese foreign investment will greatly contribute to the development of global research on FDI. This paper examines such foreign investment.  I have already examined Japanese corporate governance during the prewar period in the “Historical Development of Japan-U.S. Corporate Governance” (2006), and my findings in this paper are based on the same method. This paper clarifies the overseas business activity of Japanese companies in the prewar period using the same methodology, especially from the viewpoint of corporate governance.  In Part I, I list the companies that operated overseas in 1930 and 1940. These companies, especially those relating to infrastructure, such as railway, electric power, and finance, turned out to be important. I will examine representative companies that played an active role in infrastructure industries in Part II. In each section of Part II, I will examine in detail each company that played a remarkably significant role.  In Part III, I will summarize the features of Japanese companies that operated in each country and region in East Asia, including the former colony, in the prewar period Thus, we can find five important features from the industrial composition to the high independency. It may be called the Japanese style foreign investment in prewar days.
論文を詳しく見る
高神 信一 / 経済論集第9巻第2号
イギリス議会におけるアイルランド救貧法案の成立(2)
<著者名>  高神 信一
<発行年月> 2008年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
論文を詳しく見る
竹田 之彦 / 経済論集第9巻第2号
グラヴィティ・モデルによる経済統合効果の検証:応用実証研究についての展望
<著者名>  竹田 之彦
<発行年月> 2008年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
It is well-known that international trade flows can be well described by the so-called “gravity model”, which is a favored formulation to assess the trade-creating and trade-diverting effects associated with regional trade agreements. This paper provides a synthetic review of the gravity literature on the development of theoretical foundations and the empirical use of the model. First, we take a look at the simple and basic empirics procedure adopted by Tinbergen (1962), which is one of the pioneering studies on the effects of trade agreements on international trade patterns. And then we review the previous studies on theoretical foundations of the gravity model, focusing our discussion mainly on gravity equations derived from general equilibrium models with international monopolistic competition, in consideration of the existence of trade costs such as transport costs, tariffs, information costs, contract enforcement costs, or costs associated with the use of different currencies, legal and regulatory costs, and local distribution costs. Finally, we provide a simple empirical gravity analysis using the pooled cross-sectional data of 13 East Asian countries over the period from 1987 to 2005 to demonstrate the usefulness of the gravity approach.
論文を詳しく見る
木村 敦 / 経済論集第9巻第2号
障害者自立支援法に基づく「就労支援」の問題点
<著者名>  木村 敦
<発行年月> 2008年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 The aim of this study is to examine whether it is appropriate that support for work become the central point by Law to Support Independence of Persons with Disabilities.  For that, first, about benefit for the long-term care and benefit for the training among benefit for support independence by Law to Support Independence of Persons with Disabilities, the contents and procedures are explained. Then follows an analysis of the current state of handicapped employment, the position of social work is identified. Finally, conclusions are drawn about whether support to work is appropriate for social work for the handicapped as security for a minimum standard of living.
論文を詳しく見る
孫 蓮叶 / 経済論集第9巻第2号
省別に見る中国農家の所得構造とその変遷
<著者名>  孫 蓮叶
<発行年月> 2008年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Nowadays, the problems of agriculture and rural community are very difficult to deal with, and they will strongly affect the sustained growth of Chinese economy. In Chinese rural community, most of the labor force is engaged in agriculture, and rural people also depend their income chiefly on agriculture. However, because of abundant population and shortage of cultivated land, the intensification and the industrialization of agriculture mainly based on family management is very difficult. Moreover, since the agricultural technological improvement and mechanization fall behind fairly, the per capita farm income is very low.  After the second half of the 1990s, the agricultural production was expanded to increase the farm income; however, since the market demand was limited and the agricultural product price fell, the increase of farm income was not as large as expected. As a result, the increase was stagnated and the income difference with urban residents has spread increasingly. This is a potential risk for the future Chinese economic development. The policy for the farm income problem becomes the present Chinese pressing need now.  This paper focuses on the farm income problem as the biggest problem which the present Chinese agriculture and rural community are facing. I will examine the actual condition of Chinese farm income and the income structure change, not only by the whole country but also by the province, based on a time series and a correlation analysis.
論文を詳しく見る
Tha Pye Nyo / 経済論集第9巻第2号
Free Trade in East Asia:A Computer Simulation Analysis by Using GTAP model
<著者名>  Tha Pye Nyo
<発行年月> 2008年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
This paper analyzes the economic impact of trade liberalization in East Asia by using GTAP model. The GTAP model is a multi-regional, computable general equilibrium model accompanied with the database of world economy. Using the latest version of GTAP model, we will give computer simulations on the effects of FTAs in East Asia. We first make a basic scenario to find out the effects of the removal of import tariffs and non-tariff barriers on all the commodities within NAFTA and AFTA. Then we proceed to four different scenarios. This paper evaluates the economic effects of trade liberalization not only on East Asian economies as a whole (ASEAN plus 3 FTA) but also on the subsets of these East Asian economies (three patterns of ASEAN plus 1 FTAs). The simulation results show that trade liberalization in East Asia improves the welfare for ASEAN members as well as for China, Japan and Korea. The more favorable results are found for member countries under ASEAN plus 3 FTA than ASEAN plus 1 FTAs. We can conclude that the removal of trade barriers among East Asian countries could encourage trade diversion, especially with countries outside the region. The effects of the FTAs on terms of trade and outputs are different between the member countries. These effects depend on their comparative advantage, initial economic size and the rate of protection on trade.
論文を詳しく見る

論文検索

論文全体検索

本文から検索する
検索ヘルプ
論文キー検索
論集タイトル/論文タイトル/論文著者/論集発行年月でも検索できます!
論集タイトル
論文タイトル
論文著者
論集発行年月
検索ヘルプ
  • CiNii NII論文情報ナビゲーター
  • WebcatPlus
  • NIIREO NII電子ジャーナルリポジトリ
  • SSRN