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斉藤 日出治 / 経済論集第7巻第3号
ポスト政治批判と生政治的生産─シャンタル・ムフの《帝国論》批判に寄せて─
<著者名>  斉藤 日出治
<発行年月> 2006年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Mouffe C., English political philosopher, indicates that conflicts among social groups lie at the root of socialization. She locates the concept of“politcal”in the level of the conflicts of people, in distinction from normal term of politics. Nevertheless, under the rule of neoliberalism after cold war, the concept of political is concealed and rejected, and the antagonism is excluded from politics. Politics is esteemed as dialogue among reasonable individuals. She calls this concept of politics“post politics”. She makes a critical comments for second modernization by A. Guiddens or W. Beck and“Empire”by Negrit A./ Hardt M. as example of post politics.  The subject of this thesis is to inquiry the critics for“post politics”by Mouffe. C. and to examin the signification of biopolitical production by Negrit A./ Hardt M.. Negrit A./ Hardt M. don't refuse the conflicts of social groups, on the contrary, as a result of extending these conflicts outside nation-state, war is becoming not the state of exception but the state of normal of everyday life. Therefore politics is located in the extension of war.  Nevertheless, these conflicts breed many kinds of collaboration, for the sake of development of knowledge, information, communication, etc., that is to say“common”, Cosequently a focal point of social coflicts is how to organize these many kinds of“commn”.  Negrit/Hardt also propose absolute democracy in exchange for representative democracy. They define abusolute democracy as politics to organize“common”and try to delve the concept of democracy.
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林田 治男 / 経済論集第7巻第3号
鉄道技師;モレルの経歴と貢献
<著者名>  林田 治男
<発行年月> 2006年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Edmund Morel was the first Engineer- in-Chief of Imperial Railways of Japan. There are several misunderstandings on his career; when and where he was born, what school he studied, where and what he undertook before came to Japan, and to whom and when he married. Inquiring the original materials in Britain as well as in Japan, I try to resolve these confusions. On the other hand Mr. Morel, who was an Associate Member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, made some important propositions other than his profession to the Japanese Government; it should found the national institution of technology to educate the young talents, and establish the ministry of public works to develop effectively. In this article, I inquire the background of his contributions at the beginning of Meiji Era, considering his characteristic career.  I disclose, for the convenience of the followers of this theme, the results on my investigation at National Archives especially with reference to Morel in Labuan.
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姫 梅 / 経済論集第7巻第3号
中国経済における外資系企業の役割
<著者名>  姫 梅
<発行年月> 2006年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
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大津 定美 / 経済論集第7巻第3号
プーチン年金改革と福祉現金化政策の挫折─ロシア年金改革動向2003-5年─
<著者名>  大津 定美
<発行年月> 2006年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
After long and heated debates in Russia, new pension laws with the so-called funded part were put into effect in 2002. The realization process in 2003 faced many unexpected difficulties and barriers, such as 1) mailing balance sheets to individual insurants, 2) extremely weak response from the insurants. Amendments were also made to the new pension laws such as, 1) reduction in tariff rates of the so-called uniform social tax (UST) from 28% to 20% of the wage bill, 2) exclusion of the middle-aged cohorts from the obligatory funded part. These amendments caused serious concern among specialists about a possible budget deficit in the Pension Fund of Russia, which could endanger the very core of the reform scheme. Against mounting worries among the population over the new pension system, the government adopted yet another radical welfare reform of “Monetization” which aims to replace various privileges for pensioners with monetary compensation. This policy angered elderly pensioners, who tried to resist through violent demonstrations and sit-ins by disrupting traffic. Furious babushka (elderly female pensioners) held demonstrations, which finally compelled concessions and rewriting of the laws on the part of the government. This failure will make the intended welfare reform even more difficult, and represents serious political damage to the Putin government, whose stable power base rested on popular support, particularly among elderly citizens.
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土手 香奈江 / 経済論集第7巻第3号
現地調査報告書「コートジヴォワール経済の現状と課題」
<著者名>  土手 香奈江
<発行年月> 2006年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Because production of primary product for export of I increased, in announcement of C?te d'Ivore Ministry of Economy and Finance, as for C?te d'Ivore economy of 2004, primary industries section achieved growth, economic growth rate 1.6%. The numerical value of economic indicators has begun to rise in the first half in the same year. After attempted coup d'Etat caused in coup d Etat, September, 2002 generated in December, 1999, the C?te d'Ivore economy that economic slump was prolonged seemed to have begun to recover.  However, in the beginning of November, 2004, a residence French military clashed with some C?te d'Ivore nations by Bouake (a big city of the C?te d'Ivore central part) attack by C?te d'Ivore government troop in the beginning. A large quantity of foreigners left the country by having had destruction, plunder, a violence act to assume a French company and the French family who resided in C?te d'Ivore a main target. In addition, a lot of companies are driven into closedown, a move, and it is said that about 30,000 unemployed people occurred.  In 2004, a debt payment to the World Bank of the C?te d'Ivore government was delayed, and the financing from the World Bank was frozen up to the present. In addition, a economic assistance by IMF stops from a delay of a peace process, too, and support from each donor is not seen very much, too. In such situation, it is assumed that the C?te d'Ivore government devised a 2005 budget without taking the World Bank and support from IMF into account. However, support from the World Bank is indispensability, and an action of the C?te d'Ivore government toward financing and the support reopening is expected to carry out large-scale projects such as enforcement of DDR (disarmament, demobilization, a comeback to normal life), administrative re-development and a presidential election.  Potence of C?te d'Ivore economy and importance in West Africa are will not have a change in future either. However, for a protracted political crisis, life of the nation is threatened and is losing a private enterprise and investor confidence with it. Recovery of C?te d'Ivore economy will become slow so as to be considered to be it if enforcement of a peace process is put off.
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