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喜多見 洋 / 経済論集第6巻第3号
転換期ジュネーヴの知識人たち─スイスの視点から見た西欧社会経済思想史の一齣─
<著者名>  喜多見 洋
<発行年月> 2005年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
From the second half of the eighteenth century to the first half of the nineteenth century Geneva had undergone great political and social changes. These changes were related to the development of European social thought. Taking these circumstances into consideration, this paper examines the activities of three famous intellectuals of those days: Etienne Dumont, Pierre Pr?vost, and Jean-Charles-L?onard Simonde de Sismondi. These intellectuals were active in various fields including politics, and played very important roles in introducing and diffusing English social thought and social sciences to the Continent. Their activities show that intellectuals in Geneva held an interesting position in European intellectual history, and that the research took place in Geneva provides different perspectives on the understanding of economic thought.
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斉藤 日出治 / 経済論集第6巻第3号
社会的個人概念の再発見─ポスト・フォーディズムの生産諸力─
<著者名>  斉藤 日出治
<発行年月> 2005年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
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高神 信一 / 経済論集第6巻第3号
アイルランド系アメリカ人とアイルランド独立戦争(2)─アイルランドの状態にかんするアメリカ委員会─
<著者名>  高神 信一
<発行年月> 2005年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 Irish-Americans, who had assisted the Irish people struggling for independence from Britain, tried to organise American aid for the Irish independence during the Irish war of independence (1919-21). In September of 1920 the New York Nation announced the establishment of a committee to investigate British outrages in Ireland, and sent invitations to distinguished Americans: every senator and state governor. As a result, approximately 150 people responded to the call of the Nation and formed ‘The Committee of One Hundred Fifty’, which selected a small commission of eight members. The commission invited thirty-eight witnesses from Ireland, Britain and the USA, and held hearings in November and December of 1920 and in January of 1921. The witnesses gave testimony about ‘Reprisals’: the British forces had murdered Irish people and destroyed their property in retaliation for murdered soldiers and policemen. They also testified that the British administration in Ireland had ceased to function, and that it had been replaced by the civil administration set up by ‘the Irish Republican Government’. Those hearings were fully reported by American newspapers, and were effective in attracting the sympathy of the American public to the Irish cause.
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林田 治男 / 経済論集第6巻第3号
鉄道における日本側自主権の確立過程掘┘リエンタル銀行倒産まで
<著者名>  林田 治男
<発行年月> 2005年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
At the beginning, Japanese Railways was constructed and managed by hired British engineers, secretaries and workers. Especially the Oriental Bank Corporation(hereinafter OBC)played very important roles such as the recruiting of technocrats, etc. and the purchasing of materials. After the chief manager of OBC died, Japan delegated the purchasing of the railway materials to the Malcom Brunkers Co. As OBC had suffered from poor business performance since the end of the 1870s, the Japanese Government(hereinafter JG)intended to clear off its relationship with OBC in spite of the various contributions to him. The loss of JG was not so large owing to the current reports of Japanese Consul in London. Thus JG had acquired the initiative on the Railways step by step.   On the other hand I found some interesting documents at the National Archives. They were the list of the depositors at Yokohama branch of OBC. Investigating the list of the hired foreigners, I show their savings deposit rates divided by salary or wage. These rates tell us their magnitudes of losses resulting from the bankruptcy of OBC. I suppose they had been employed longer term than expected in order to minimise their damages, though JG tried to substitute the foreigners to Japanese and had not enough foreign currency reserves at those days.
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丸茂 新 / 経済論集第6巻第3号
駐車料金論について
<著者名>  丸茂 新
<発行年月> 2005年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 When we come to think of the serious traffic congestion in big cities, many economists, especially those who are related to the economics of transportation, would probably suggest the application of the so-called “road pricing” for a possible means of solutions. In point of fact a car arriving successfully somewhere in CBD area has to find a place to park to complete the trip. Otherwise the road-use is of no use for a car driver. In this sense the “parking pricing” is as important a subject as the road pricing in the economics. But so far very few economists have paid due consideration to the subject of parking, and in fact there are not so many publications available as we find in road pricing in contrast.  This article, however, tries to see the development of parking pricing with particular emphasis on the theory of social welfare maximization. It starts with the memorable contribution of Vickrey's (1954) and ends with the recent contribution by Anderson and de Palma (2004), having two other contributions in between.
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鄭 孝鋒 / 経済論集第6巻第3号
中国の経済成長要因分析
<著者名>  鄭 孝鋒
<発行年月> 2005年06月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 The Chinese economy is changing greatly after reform and open door policy began in 1978. In the 1990s, after the Chinese government adopted a policy of a socialist market economy, its economy has grown rapidly, and is now attracting global attention.  This paper provides an econometric analysis of Chinese economic growth from 1978 to 2001 using the Solow-Swan model, and examines the factors and features of the sustained high economic growth of China.  Chapter 1 briefly explains changes in the important macroeconomic indicators of the Chinese economy after reform and open door policy in 1978, and describes their results and a new growth mechanism.  Chapter 2 examines the Cobb-Douglas form production function used in this paper. In this Cobb- Douglas-type production function, two methods of finding a parameter are examined. In this paper, a parameter is presumed using the “generalized least squares method,” which is often used in econometric model analysis. The problems of this econometric model are then examined.  Chapter 3 shows the measurement results and clarifies the economic growth factors. According to the measurement results of this paper, the average capital share (α) of the Chinese economy was 0.559 from 1978 to 2001, and the average labor share (β) was 0.444. Compared with developed countries, the capital share of China was quite high.  Finally, the features of the Chinese economy and future research subjects clarified in this paper are described.  Summarizing the analysis results, the biggest contribution to Chinese economic growth was capital through the analysis period (1985?2001), followed by technological progress. The contribution of foreign capital was the lowest. However, in the analysis model used in this paper, contribution only by foreign capital and its external effects are not considered.  Moreover, the capital share was relatively high and the labor share was relatively low. China is a huge country with a population of 1,300 million, and the reasons for the high marginal product elasticity of capital are relatively rich labor and relatively poor capital. At the same time, the education level of Chinese laborers being low and the wage level being quite low is another factor. In addition, it has been proved that the Chinese economy indicated mostly constant returns to scale through the analysis period.
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