大阪産業大学学会 論集データベース

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新保 博彦 / 経済論集第6巻第2号
戦間期アメリカのコーポレート・ガバナンス
<著者名>  新保 博彦
<発行年月> 2005年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
 I have already published two papers and clarified that Japanese corporate governance in the interwar period was market oriented and that it was very like the present U.S. and British type.  Incidentally, in U.S. companies in those days, as Berle, Adolf A. & Gardiner C. Means(1932)clarified, stockholding was widely dispersed and separation of ownership and control was performed. In this paper, I want to focus on various investigation reports on U.S. companies from those days, and reexamine their validity in detail. Moreover, based on the examination result, I think that a comparison with Japan is another important subject.  First, in Section I, I survey the discussion on corporate governance actively developed since the second half of the 1990s in the United States, show clearly that the comparative survey on the corporate governance in each country was started on a worldwide basis for the first time, and point out various problems.  In Section II, I examine the top 30 companies of Berle & Means in detail, and reexamine U.S. corporate governance in the interwar period, as well as the fundamental features of Berle & Means type companies. As a result, I prove the theory of Berle & Means to be fundamentally correct, and at the same time, clarify that the state of management control differed considerably by industry; the financial features of each company in every industry were very different.  In Section III, I point out that in the United States in those days, while Berle & Means type companies were dominant, business groups played a large role and Berle & Means type companies themselves were often centers and important factors. And I confirm that investment companies, which were the most representative institutional investors, urged the formation of business groups.  In the final Section IV, based on the above examination, I compare comprehensively corporate governances between U.S. companies and Japanese companies in the interwar period. Through this comparison, I can determine not only large differences or contrastive characters, but also common features. Concretely speaking, these were the dispersed stocks, the high dependence on financing through the market and the role of business groups etc.  These common features of each corporate governance were created by the composition of economic structure and industry in those days and their global correlation.
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横田 高明 / 経済論集第6巻第2号
中国対外開放下の貿易構造変化
<著者名>  横田 高明
<発行年月> 2005年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
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窪 誠,Jamila CHOWDHURY / 経済論集第6巻第2号
Women’s Rights and Discrimination in Bangladesh: Achievements Made and Challenges Remaining for the 21st Century
<著者名>  窪 誠,Jamila CHOWDHURY
<発行年月> 2005年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
<概要表示>
Bangladesh, a poor developing country with a burden of more than 136 million people is endeavoring in establishing the rights of its women like other developing countries in the world. Although the Constitution ensures equal rights to women, they are facing gross deprivation of their basic fundamental human rights due to various social, economical, political, and religious reasons. They are psychically insecure subject to different forms of violence e.g. rape, acid throwing, trafficking, etc. Besides these, they are also facing other legal and social discriminations, e.g. in their level of participation in the political and administrative fields, education, and health care services, etc. To overcome this situation, beside NGOs and civil society, Government of Bangladesh (GOB) is also trying to curb the violence against women in the country by enacting different national laws, and signing and implementing different international instruments. This paper will be mainly concerned with the socio-economic structure of Bangladeshi women by defining their various rights recognized under the laws of the country as well as their rights under practical contexts with a view to provide finally some recommendations for enhancing the women’s rights in Bangladesh that will be in accordance with the essence of the concept of ‘equal rights’ of the Constitution of the country. In other words, the main objective of this paper is to examine various rights recognized under the theoretical framework as well the practical scenario for protecting women’s rights and eliminating discriminations against them in Bangladesh with a view to find out the reasons of the discrepancy between these two. Another corollary objective of this paper is to provide some recommendations for enhancing and strengthening the women’s rights over the existing regime in Bangladesh. Social and analytical approach will be taken to satisfy these objectives. The scope of this paper will be confined mainly to the discussion of rights of Muslim women of this country due to the Muslim majority of its population1).
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加藤 道也 / 経済論集第6巻第2号
戦間期日本における失業問題と政府の対応─失業保険制度をめぐって─
<著者名>  加藤 道也
<発行年月> 2005年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
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粟谷 佳司 / 経済論集第6巻第2号
メディア研究における「空間」の問題─マクルーハン,イニス,グローバライゼーション─
<著者名>  粟谷 佳司
<発行年月> 2005年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
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青木 健 / 経済論集第6巻第2号
マルクスにおける認識論的切断の契機─シュティルナーの唯一者を中心に─
<著者名>  青木 健
<発行年月> 2005年02月
<ISSN> 1345-1448
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